What does Dyslexia mean?
Dyslexia is a learning disability that impairs your ability to read, spell, write, and communicate. It affects children who are intelligent and hardworking, but they have difficulty connecting the letters they see to the sounds they produce.
About 5% to 10% of Americans have dyslexia symptoms such as delayed reading, spelling difficulties, or mixing up words. This learning problem can affect adults as well. Some people are diagnosed with cancer at a young age. Others aren't aware they have dyslexia till later in life.
Dyslexic children frequently have normal vision and are just as intelligent as their peers. However, they have more difficulty in school because reading takes them longer. Word processing issues can make it difficult to spell, write, or talk clearly.
Causes of Dyslexia:
It's caused by a genetic mutation, which is why it commonly runs in families. If your parents, siblings, or other family members have dyslexia, you're more likely to have it as well.
Differences in the areas of the brain that process language cause the disorder. In persons with dyslexia, imaging tests reveal that parts of the brain that should be engaged when reading isn't.
When children first begin to read, they must first determine what sound each letter produces. The letter "B," for example, generates the sound "buh." The letter "M" sounds like "em." Then they learn how to combine those sounds to form words (for example, "C-A-T" spells "cat"). Finally, students must decipher the meanings of words ("Cat" is a furry animal that meows).
The brain of a child with dyslexia has a difficult time connecting letters to the sounds they make and then mixing those sounds into words. As a result, the word "cat" could be misread as "tac" by someone with dyslexia. Reading can be a slow and difficult task as a result of these misunderstandings.
Everyone's dyslexia is unique. Some people have a minor form of the disease that they eventually learn to control. Others have a harder time getting over it. Even if youngsters do not entirely outgrow dyslexia, they can attend college and achieve success in life.
How does Dyslexia function?
People with dyslexia, according to popular belief, reverse letters and numbers and view words backward. Reversals, on the other hand, are a natural aspect of growth and can be noticed in many children until they reach first or second grade.
The main issue with dyslexia is the inability to recognize phonemes (pronounced: FO-neems). These are the most basic speaking sounds (the "b" sound in "bat" is a phoneme, for example). As a result, making the connection between a sound and the letter symbol for that sound, as well as blending sounds into words, is difficult.
Short, common words are difficult to recognize, and longer ones are difficult to sound out. A person with dyslexia takes a long time to sound out a word. Because word reading takes longer and requires more concentration, the meaning of the word is frequently lost, and reading comprehension is low.
It's hardly unexpected that dyslexics have difficulty spelling. They may also struggle to express themselves verbally and in writing. Dyslexia is a language processing condition that can impact both spoken and written language.
Some persons with dyslexia have milder symptoms, therefore they may have less difficulty in these other areas of spoken and written language. Some people are able to work around their dyslexia, but it takes a lot of time and effort. Dyslexia isn't something that just goes away or that a person grows out of. Fortunately, most people with dyslexia can learn to read with the right support. They frequently discover new ways to study and continue to employ those strategies throughout their lives.
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