How do people get dyslexia?

A variety of probable causes of dyslexia are being investigated by researchers. They discovered a number of genes connected to reading and language processing difficulties. People with dyslexia and those who do not have dyslexia have different brains.

Dyslexia is a learning disability that impairs your ability to read, spell, write, and communicate. It affects children who are intelligent and hardworking, but they have difficulty connecting the letters they see to the sounds they produce.

It's caused by a genetic mutation, which is why it commonly runs in families. If your parents, siblings, or other family members have dyslexia, you're more likely to have it as well.

Differences in the areas of the brain that process language cause the disorder. In persons with dyslexia, imaging tests reveal that parts of the brain that should be engaged when reading isn't.

When children first begin to read, they must first determine what sound each letter produces. The letter "B," for example, generates the sound "buh." The letter "M" sounds like "em." Then they learn how to combine those sounds to form words (for example, "C-A-T" spells "cat"). Finally, students must understand the meanings of words ("Cat" is a furry animal that meows). The brain of a child with dyslexia has a difficult time connecting letters to the sounds they make and then mixing those sounds into words. As a result, the word "cat" could be misread as "tac" by someone with dyslexia. Reading can be a slow and difficult task as a result of these misunderstandings.

Everyone's dyslexia is unique.

Some people have a minor form of the disease that they eventually learn to control. Others have a harder time getting over it. Even if youngsters do not entirely outgrow dyslexia, they can attend college and achieve success in life.

Dyslexia is a condition that runs in families. It appears to be linked to genes that alter how the brain interprets reading and language, as well as environmental risk factors.

The following are some of the risk factors for dyslexia:

  • Dyslexia or other learning difficulties in the family
  • Low birth weight or premature birth
  • Nicotine, drugs, alcohol, or virus exposure during pregnancy may affect the fetus's brain development.
  • Individual distinctions in the areas of the brain that allow you to read
  • Decoding written language is a brain-based problem.
  • Low IQ isn't to blame.
  • Not as a result of viewing words backwards.
  • Environmental factors aren't thought to play a role during or after pregnancy.
  • Although it is frequently associated with ADHD, it is a distinct disorder.
  • The brain may be rewired to read more effectively with the correct program.
  • Although individual genes that play a role have been identified, there is no genetic cure on the horizon.

Specific genes have been studied by researchers. So far, they've discovered numerous genes associated to problems with reading and language processing. These genes are most likely to have slightly diverse functions. Some are thought to have an effect on the development of the brain. Others may have an effect on how the brain communicates. As a result, your child's reading issues are unlikely to be related to a single gene.

 

Read or listen to more articles about Dyslexia:

Is Dyslexia a disability?

Is Dyslexia genetic?

Is Dyslexia hereditary?

Does Dyslexia affect speech?

How to know if you are Dyslexic?

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